Whenever you use someone else's work or ideas.
In general, there are three ways to incorporate information from your sources into your research project:
Each time you have incorporated information from your sources into your paper, you need to cite the source in the following two places:
The style guide will tell you exactly how to format each of these parts of citing, but the idea is the same across all of the styles.
APA and MLA are two of the most common style guides for academic writing and publishing, but there are MANY others (Style Guides). We also have styles for every day citing -- think of the 'PC:@" or "camera emoji:@" in Instagram to give photo credit or think of an online article that links to other articles. These are not the formal academic citing styles from a published style guide like MLA & APA, but they do follow an accepted social guideline for how to correctly give credit to the original creator.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is one of several different format dictating citation styling/formatting and is most commonly used to for writing within psychology and the social sciences. The primary source for APA style is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, shown below. The most current edition is the 6th edition, which offers examples of citations and in-text citations, along with abbreviations and scholarly writing tips.
This guide is meant as a general overview. For more in-depth help, please use the following resources, review the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, or contact an LPC librarian.