Whenever you use someone else's work or ideas.
In general, there are three ways to incorporate information from your sources into your research project:
Each time you have incorporated information from your sources into your paper, you need to cite the source in the following two places:
The style guide will tell you exactly how to format each of these parts of citing, but the idea is the same across all of the styles.
APA and MLA are two of the most common style guides for academic writing and publishing, but there are MANY others (Style Guides). We also have styles for every day citing -- think of the 'PC:@" or "camera emoji:@" in Instagram to give photo credit or think of an online article that links to other articles. These are not the formal academic citing styles from a published style guide like MLA & APA, but they do follow an accepted social guideline for how to correctly give credit to the original creator.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is one of several different format dictating citation styling/formatting and is most commonly used to for writing within liberal arts and humanities. The primary source for MLA style is the MLA Handbook, shown below. The most current edition is the 8th edition, which offers examples of citations and in-text citations, along with abbreviation and scholarly writing tips.
These are the core Elements, identified in MLA 8, that should generally be included in the citation (if they exist) to fulfill principle #1, above. For many sources there is more than one container.
Optional elements may be included at the writer's discretion to fulfill principle #3, above.
These templates, created by Noodletools, prompt the student for exactly what information is required for the particular source they are using. To view the original page click here.
The following two papers are from the MLA Style Guide and are great examples of how to write and format in MLA Style. Visit the site at https://style.mla.org/sample-papers/ for more information.
This guide is meant as a general overview. For more in-depth help, please use the following resources, review the MLA handbook, or contact an LPC librarian.